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Pre-trial release based on the person's own promise that he or she will show up for trial (no bond required). Also referred to as release on own recognizance or ROR.
National Center for State Courts. “Glossary of Commonly Used Court & Justice System Terminology”, Rev. 2/8/11 (2011)
Personal recognizance can be defined as a kind of “bail,” consisting of a written promise to appear in court when required, without the posting of cash or other security to guarantee such appearance.
Missouri Press-Bar Commission. “News Reporter’s Legal Glossary” (2009)
Another personal recognizance definition is a release of a person from custody without the payment of any bail or posting of bond, upon the promise to return to court.
State Bar of Wisconsin. “News Reporters’ Legal Handbook”, 6th Ed. (2013)
In criminal proceedings, the pretrial release of a defendant without bail upon his or her promise to return to court. See also own recognizance.
National Association for Court Management Glossary of Terms
A criminal defendant’s pretrial release without the necessity of having to post money or a bond with the court. The court takes the defendant’s word that he or she will appear for a scheduled matter or when advised to appear.
Michigan Judicial Institute. “Handbook of Legal Terms” (2015)