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Adversary is an opponent. The defendant is the plaintiff's adversary.
New York State Unified Court System. “Glossary of Legal Terms” (2016)
The term adversary is defined as “a person or group opposing or hostile to another person or group; enemy; antagonist” .
Barnhart, C. and Barnhart, K. (1976). The world book dictionary.Chicago: Doubleday & Company, Inc.
Adversary system - the system of trial practice in the United States and some other countries in which each of the opposing (or "adversary") parties has the opportunity to present and establish opposing positions before the court.
California Superior Court. “English Legal Glossary” (2005)
Adversary system - the trial method used in the U.S. and some other countries. This system is based on the belief that truth can best be determined by giving opposing parties full opportunity to present and establish their evidence, and to test by cross-examination the evidence presented by their adversaries. All this is done under the established rules of procedure before an impartial judge and/or jury.
National Center for State Courts. “Glossary of Commonly Used Court & Justice System Terminology”, Rev. 2/8/11 (2011)
Adversary system - the system of trial practice in the United States and some other countries in which opposing, or adversary, parties have full opportunity to present and establish opposing contentions before the court.
Missouri Press-Bar Commission. “News Reporter’s Legal Glossary” (2009)
The term used to describe the American legal system where two or more opposing parties present their evidence and witnesses to the fact finder, which is either the judge or the jury, and the fact finder finds in favor of a particular party. This system is used in both civil and criminal cases. The adversary system is different from the inquisitorial system, which commonly used in many other parts of the world, particularly in Europe. In the inquisitorial system, the judge or a panel of judges ask questions of a party and witnesses the judge or panel chooses to ask questions of and then finds in favor of a particular party,
Colorado Bar Association. “Glossary of Legal Terms”