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    Adequate provocation is defined as provocation by the victimsufficient to significantly undermine the rationality of a reasonable person.

    Fontaine, Reid Griffith. “Adequate (Non) Provocation and Heat of Passion as Excuse Not Justification.” University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform 43 (2009): 08-07.

In the current uniform instruction which was administered to the jury, “adequate provocation” is defined as any improper conduct of the deceased toward the defendant which naturally or reasonably would have the effect of arousing a sudden heat of passion within a reasonable person in the position of the defendant… In determining whether the deceased’s conduct was adequate provocation, the conduct is judged as a person of reasonable intelligence and disposition would respond to it.
Valdez v. State of Oklahoma